Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko (also referred to as Olexandr, Oleksandr, or Aleksandr/ Ukranian: Олександр Порфирович Архипенко) (1887 – 1964)

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Archipenko, Le Rendez-Vous des Quatre Formes

Le Rendez-Vous des Quatre Formes, from the portfolio Les Formes Vivantes
1963, lithograph on paper
Smithsonian Museum of Art

 

Archipenko, Carrousel Pierrot

Carrousel Pierrot
1913, Painted plaster 24 x 19 1/8 x 13 3/8 inches (61 x 48.6 x 34 cm)
Guggenheim Museum, New York

 

Archipenko, Médrano II

Médrano II
1913–14, Painted tin, wood, glass, and painted oil cloth, 49 7/8 x 20 1/4 x 12 1/2 inches (126.6 x 51.5 x 31.7 cm)
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Alexander Archipenko was a Ukrainian artist of the avant-garde movement. Archipenko was born in Kiev, during a time in which it was a part of the Russian Empire. In 1902 Archipenko enrolled at the Kiev Art School (KKHU), and later studied under S. Svyatoslavsky.

 

Archipenko, Seated Female Nude with Left Leg Bent

Seated Female Nude with Left Leg Bent
1920s, Pencil and black chalk, 49.9×31.8 cm
Hermitage Museum, Russia

 

Archipenko, Seated Female Nude with Left Hand at Breast

Seated Female Nude with Left Hand at Breast
Charcoal and white chalk on brownish-pink cardboard, 50.1×32 cm
Hermitage Museum, Russia

 

In 1906, Archipenko moved to Moscow, where there were more opportunities to exhibit and meet other artists. After only a few years in Moscow, Archipenko moved to Paris to join “Colony La Ruche” a popular artist’s colony. Archipenko was in the company of other Russian artists, including Nathan Altman and Sonia Delaunay-Terk. Colony La Ruche helped Archipenko forge his way into the Parisian art scene, and exhibit in the Salon des Independants and the Salon d’Automne. Archipenko showed alongside Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Andre Derain.

 

Archipenko, Two Nude Female Figures with a Cloth

Two Nude Female Figures with a Cloth
Watercolour and gouache over pencil sketch on cream cardboard, 57.5×43.7 cm
Hermitage Museum, Russia

 

Archipenko, Two Nude Female Figures (Standing and Seated)

Two Nude Female Figures (Standing and Seated)
1920s, Pencil on paper, 49.8×31.8 cm
Russia Hermitage Museum, Russia

 

Archipenko, Study for In the Cafe

Study for “In the Cafe”
1915, pen & ink on paper, 8 1/8 X 5 1/4 in (20.7 X 13.3 cm)

 

Archipenko had his first solo show in 1912 at the Museum Folkwang in Hagen, and the next year he exhibited in the New York Armory Show. Archipenko moved to Nice for a short time before settling in Berlin, where he opened his own art school. In 1922 Archipenko showed his work in an important exhibition for Russian artists, along with Kazimir Malevich, El Lissitzky and Solomon Nikritin.

 

Archipenko, Movers/Verso: Untitled

Movers/Verso: Untitled
1918-20, Ink on Paper, 21.9 x 13.9 cm
Hirshhorn Museum

 

Archipenko, Woman with Umbrella Pen and ink on paperboard

Woman with Umbrella
Pen and ink on paperboard, 27.1 x 21.2 cm
Hirshhorn Museum

 

In 1923 Archipenko left Berlin and moved to New York. After becoming a citizen of the United States in 1929, Archipenko was selected to exhibit in the Ukrainian pavilion at the World’s Fair in Chicago.

 

Archipenko, Seated Nude

Seated Nude
1919-20, Oil on Canvas, 32.3 x 25.1 cm
Hirshhorn Museum

 

Archipenko, Seated Female Nude

Seated Female Nude
1909-11, Bronze cast (1926), 13.2 x 15.1 cm
Hirshhorn Museum

 

Archipenko, The Past

The Past
1926, Gilded metal, 34.8 x 18.7 x 6.4 cm
Hirshhorn Museum

 

Throughout the 1930s Archipenko continued to exhibit throughout Europe and the United States. Archipenko is known for his contributions to cubism, and for creating a new form of ‘sculpto-paintings’, which offered a new range of materials and methods of construction. Archipenko’s work is now in important collections internationally.

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