Vasily Grigorevich Perov (Иван Николаевич Крамской)
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Vasily Perov was a Russian painter, best known for his contributions in founding the Peredvizhniki group. Perov was born in Tobolsk, Russia and attended Arzamus uezed school and the Alexander Stupin art school. By 1853, Perov decided to follow an art path and enrolled at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
Perov received many awards at the Academy and his paintings were highly regarded by the Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1862 Perov was rewarded with a scholarship to travel to Western Europe. Perov spent much of his time in Paris and in many cities of Germany. Perov painted street scenes, statues, musicians, and performers.
Perov returned to Moscow in 1865 to create many large-scale paintings. Many of his greatest works include A Meal in the Monastery, Troika, Arrival of a New Governess in a Merchant House, A Scene at the Railroad, the Last Tavern at Town Gate, the Birdcatcher and the Hunters at Rest.
In 1866 he received the title of an academician, and in 1871 he was offered a position as Professor at Moscow School of Arts, Sculpture and Architecture. It was around this period that the Peredvizhniki group was formed. While Ivan Kramskoi was the leader of the group, Perov shared a large role in founding the society of realistic painters.
The Peredvizhniki painters were concerned with serving a role in society and promoting a sound political system. The Peredvizhniki artists were also known as the Wanderers or Itinerants, and later became the Society of Travelling Exhibitions. The original group consisted of fourteen artists in protest of the academic and political restrictions in Russia and surrounding countries. The group exhibited forty-eight times. Perov died in 1882, long before the group disbanded in 1923.
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